began his theatrical career working for legendary producer David Merrick. As author, his shows include Barnum, starring Jim Dale, which introduced Glenn Close as a leading actress, with songs by Cy Coleman and Michael Stewart (10 Tony Award nominations including Best Book and Best Musical, Outer Critics Circle Award for Best Musical); 42nd Street, with songs by Harry Warren and Al Dubin, produced by David Merrick with direction and choreography by Gower Champion (Tony Award for Best Musical, Laurence Olivier Award for Musical of The Year, Evening Standard Drama Award for Best Musical, Plays and Player Citation For Musical Of The Year, etc.); The Three Musketeers with the music of Rudolph Friml; many collaborations with Michael Stewart including The Grand Tour, with songs by Jerry Herman; Treasure Island, with songs by Jule Styne; and the Off-Broadway opera Elizabeth & Essex, based on Maxwell Anderson’s play Elizabeth The Queen, with music by Doug Katsaros, and Pal Joey ’78, which he adapted for the Los Angeles Civic Light Opera production starring Lena Horne. At the Haymarket Theatre in Leicester, Mr. Bramble and Henry Krieger (composer of Dreamgirls) created Fat Pig, a rock and roll extravaganza about health. He directed the 2001 Tony Award winning Best Revival of 42nd Street on Broadway for which he received a Tony Award nomination, and has staged productions of the show in London, Sydney, Tokyo, Berlin, Amsterdam, Shanghai, and Vienna. Mark Bramble was educated at the McDonogh School, Emerson College and New York University. He received an Honorary Doctor of Arts from Washington College.