was awarded the Tony Award for Best Choreography for 42nd Street and also won the Drama Desk Award in the same category. His name is synonymous with some of the greatest musicals in Broadway history. He was the director and choreographer for Lend an Ear, Bye Bye Birdie (for which he won Tony Awards as Director and Choreographer), Carnival (Tony nomination for Direction), Hello, Dolly! (two more Tony Awards for Direction and Choreography), I Do! I Do, The Happy Time (two more Tony Awards), Sugar, Irene and Mack & Mabel. He died in 1980.